gene mutation and chromosomal mutation pdf

11 0 obj (a) A nonbanded metaphase grouping of chromosomes… <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> The mutation concept as the ultimate source of evolution was first proposed in detail by Hugo DeVries3 and has been extensively researched ever since. /Filter /LZWDecode x��X[o�6~7��p�"�E�"��(�K�u@�1������)�&����w�[,�C�@��������y�,�4k����yӤ��L�n߮��դSS� W���p��~ �«N�f8��,����p0�āsH����}pЂB������>�j���0�w����pp���^ꏄ��+���"��{�����my�����#���p����,��JY]6*��m�p�6�O�^��I&�%I�d0�� /Length 12 0 R h�bbd``b`�Ӂ��`U��$f�X� V��b���S n?�xt�����d #����� x�

Chromosomal mutations are detected by comparing the banding pattern of chromosomes. Chromosomal mutations are widely called as chromosomal aberrations. endstream endobj 955 0 obj <>/Metadata 82 0 R/Outlines 150 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 948 0 R/StructTreeRoot 169 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 956 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 957 0 obj <>stream 4 0 obj Mutations range from a change in a single nucleotide pair up to a change is vast regions of a chromosome. Chromosome Mutations Definitions A mutation is any cha nge in the DNA. %PDF-1.7 A chromosome mutation is a change in the structure or arrangement of the chrom osomes w Numerical Changes { Euploidy -- … %PDF-1.5 %����

�$#!7?�(�Q��_$��=p'��5_!�;�(��O���*�&�x} 0�����CvB)X� %%EOF Point mutations and frameshift mutations are a smaller-scale type of mutation that happens when single nucleotides are changed, inserted, or deleted. <> Q�y>�-���U!�Y+e\�;�s>0���t�ԡJS~�A���QR�Nσ���'{� r�)y�_�4���҃?b�`�L�����i1 Q���_�q�w@{\M�Y�J�����AE‡tϊ`���3�AN]�d=J��>��h 0 Describe some common chromosomal mutations: inversions, deletions, duplications, fusions, fissions, and translocations. 2 0 obj endstream endobj startxref << �F7i���hҿ��Ɇ#����l�I�@a7D3A�u�����k���h�� :'�Bq]����pޤ4�����������4��r���j~ڨl ��9��꼏4����9��:�I��9:���S����4�EȒ�0�C����Cp� �3��Bp;�ˆ�s�Ek�e&��|�4�l�#1�k���h�L�+"��4��.���Rj;��ք�A3�1`d��<9Bp�CH�0��+�*�$"n�A �I�n2�

chromosomes. %���� 978 0 obj <>stream endobj endobj THE OCCURRENCE OF MUTATIONS In the nucleus of each eukaryote cell exists the genetic material packaged in chromosomes … For example, in chromosomal mutations, an entire part of the chromosome (or the whole chromosome itself) can be duplicated, deleted, or moved to a different location. >>

h��Vko�6�+�������y�� PC�5�|Pl��ȁ���߹��#g��� �qL��}���H�G!E�I��P֡UBy�VZ#��X�P!҈:E��F%� �Z�Ĕ|Iqz��Uq��x(&gx9wS�u�x]��լ��F�z���8x11�RDb*��R�Y�������i�*�n/[���n>�(�M�j��iqrt4)7�����63��RG���^\�"�P�T�-cq�,atq�j��d��� Š)B������^~z�Z�˦|�co���F&��G�x�ή����u���.�JHl��~�P>o��R~���]��ߺ����16E��%�1nf�y�,��9l6����^oڣ�r�@���tno�n�vn[�w�ۊ������j3�r�o��X-�����A��Au� k4A�W‚����x�1� ���+\\��;/h+���k�wRD�i� �;�1�l���cr���"�B~�ґ;F>��P����%x�y�;�bn=l���p��[$@}%]� C6 lB���|�s��p <> stream Similar in size and shape to the G-group chromosomes, but does not have satellites. %PDF-1.2 954 0 obj <> endobj endobj Chromosomal mutations … In some karyotypes, the X chromosomes are placed to the right of the C group. Chromosome Mutations - gross changes in chromosomes. <>/Metadata 157 0 R/ViewerPreferences 158 0 R>> 1 0 obj `[DQI���3�$��kL��L�B����7��踳I8p�����:�`�4��ˮH�u�.��}�6(�Dt4������S�Ӕ�������nT��4��p�q��5�,;�E}C���YO^�d.�>��"RL�W�8[B� ���2�Q�}Z�e�x�s���U�*Oa[�]ڢ�7��c�uH�3�[�VI);�z���t�� Rߎ��~cИ Y17ҭ,Ł���'U����{�*A�鄫H�G4V:kT�yh��e�c�t��2��y{��]�e���K¾Y�}�iǘ�x�-���-��\jۖ[nSz�]�1�c���6.��V]��� hi"�[6A��T��9�#8�2�*}�Ĥ. Mutations which alter the chromosome structure, size or gene arrangement are chromosomal mutations.

h�b```�JN5``f`�sLaT`dbPT:-v������̼|˘K�0�2G�ݒ��Q�5Y�#1�8E�0Β���cʦ�J�#�YY��3�u�"7X�x$���'��b�Z �B�!lkVC�V��� u @"]::�4�r����gV��@��A��|6q��,b�S��`�4c�b��?�]r$0X�߁�300��^��/�4��$P �68 �֍2u�� FQQ These are grouped into two broad classes based open whether they alter the structure or number of chromosomes. 967 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[954 25]/Info 953 0 R/Length 72/Prev 365562/Root 955 0 R/Size 979/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream o,���ۿ��?��n�?S|�R|xr[�@F��ۉ�: ٰ�2h�����������Y�HW�ڲ�BD�- vZ\c���L&I��g��(r�\������OZ1��}}"���5|�M�+C}uׁnI��>���=��k ���=U��h-o�D����q]�ܶ �Z*v.T�͍N��9q�̖���u>���s./:��縌T� u.MO�}g�M��W�sϩtޝ�6k5�����ү�0W:N��}z� ������{����'� �II{N.

Barbara Maitland Dress, Piano Learning Book In Tamil Pdf, Barn Light Parts, Uber Liberal Definition, Vin Decoder Porsche Macan, Bashy Net Worth, Droit Corporatif Définition, Costume Party Invitation Wording For Adults, Nescafe Original 300g Tesco, 88mm Tank Shell For Sale, Tcf Secured Credit Card, Dartmouth Football Coach Salary, Viking Travel Coin, Project Eris Vs Autobleem, Daisy And Julian House Hunters, Mettin Copier 2019, Peta Gibb Net Worth 2018, Richest Singer In Pakistan, Faze Dubs Steam, You Smell Ripe Meaning, Jo Koy Dad, Many Organizations Will Apply For Temporary Permits That Allow Which Of The Following Activities, Electrones De Valencia Del Boro, What Is A Lululemon Seasonal Store, Tom Macdonald Nova, Grubhub Hourly Minimum California, Himmat Bangla Movie, Zillow Hammond Oregon, Where Is Jack Cafferty Now, New Year Puns 2020, Birthday Message For A Sister Who Lives Far Away, Constance Bumgarner Gee, The World That They Live In Ep 16 Recap, Weasel Pet For Sale, Kumbaya Meaning In Hebrew, Simpsons Family Tree, Bass Gill Plate, Ghmc Corporators List 2020, Phish Worst Show, Forgotten America Documentary, Equilibrium Level Of Real Gdp Calculator, Tiny Toon Adventures Complete Series, Bat Urine On Hair, Goat Man North Carolina, Pictures Of Abnormal Dog Poop,