otocinclus vittatus vs vestitus

Hi Danny the site is still very much a work in progress and we simply haven’t got around to covering Otocinclus properly yet. They'll kind of 'smell' each other like dogs, and then the female will rest on a surface and the male will intertwine his body with hers. The water in the tank needs to be nice and clean, with ammonia and nitrite levels staying at 0ppm. However, I am unsure whether I purchased the Vestitus variety or the Vittatus variety. This guide will cover everything you need to know about Otocinclus care and any additional information that will be helpful if you’re an owner. They're not averse to the odd algae wafer, although this shouldn't be their staple diet. Scientific Name : Otocinclus sp., over 22 species known. They can move very fast, which doesn’t help when trying to catch them in a net! The minimum Otocinclus tank size should be around 10 gallons. This means you can safely house 4 to 6 Otos, and more can be added as the tank size increases. He’s been fond of aquarium husbandry since his early childhood. This profile, like many on the site, is still in need of a full edit. This helps to keep dangerous accumulations of nitrates and ammonia from building up. They are easy to care for so people of all experience levels can have a go at looking after them, you are unlikely to make many mistakes with such an undemanding fish. Make sure that the food source sinks down to the bottom. Female is fatter and larger than the male. These fish are characterized by a brown dorsal color, a horizontal black stripe running the length of the body, and an underslung, sucker-like mouth. Mainly inhabits in small or middle-sized rivers with moderate flow.

In 1997, Scott A. Schaefer revised the genus, recognizing only 13 of the then 65 species; the others he re-assigned to various genera. The phylogenetic relationships among the fish in the subfamily Hypoptopomatinae are currently under study, and the genus Otocinclus may eventually be relocated (Lehmann, 2006).eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'seriouslyfish_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_5',112,'0','0'])); In my opinion the smallest aquarium to be considered as safe for otocinclus spiecies should be at least 45 cm long, due to their sporadic energetic outbrusts. You’ll need some strong water filters capable to renew the whole amount of tank water at least 3 times in an hour.

1.4″ (3.5cm).eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'seriouslyfish_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',111,'0','0'])); Base dimensions of 45 ∗ 30 cm or equivalent should be the smallest considered. O. vittatus is another near-identical species, but the upper edge of the black horizontal band along the sides of the fish is bordered by a distinct white clear band separating theblack band from the mottled pattern; on O. macrospilus the white band is less distinct in places and on O. vestitus the mottled pattern adjoins the black band with no definable white band. In a tank the fish will eagerly eat algae from stones, tank plant leaves and glass walls. Body length may be up to 5 cm long (2 inches).

Add one every couple of days. Common Otocinclus: One of the most widespread and common species of Otocinclus, this variety can be found throughout the regions of South America sometimes even in parts of the Amazon River where other fish of their size tend to avoid. Molly Fish 101: Care, Types, Food, Lifespan & More! Also, look for healthy fish that have bright eyes and a bigger body size. For constant renew of a tank system and to keep comfortable tank conditions it’s necessary to renew about 25-30% of the tank water every week. Maybe this was caused by the changes of its native habitat and land use conditions there, in South-East Brazil. This is how Otocinclus breed in their natural environments. Remember to keep the food balanced, and never overfeed your fish. Their body is a simple cylindrical shape which narrows towards the head and caudal fin. Is it necessary to its health and happiness that it live in a group of its own species? Otocinclus:  Derived from the Greek oto (ear) and kinklis (grid), an allusion to the perforated post-temporal bone, reminiscent of an eardrum. We’re thrilled to have you as part of our community.
This shoaling species loves to be in large groups. Below the water is a soft, sandy substrate. The rest of the fins are nearly transparent. Otocinclus Vittatus . (‘cept for Cocoma) The O. vittatus is one that’s in stores a lot, at least add that one. Live plants in the aquarium will provide an algae food source, and your easy-going Otos can use the plant bases as quick hiding places as well. Just look at them under normal conditions (natural light) to see if their stripe is nicely visible. If you don't do it, algae take ages to grow. Otocinclus vittatus. You don’t need much experience to look after them since they’re an undemanding group, tolerating a range of conditions. 10. 10.

That way, if they don't eat the wafer after 24h, you can easily find and remove it (uneaten algae wafers can easily pollute the tank, sometimes causing nasty nitrate spikes). Since then, new species have been described as Otocinclus, bringing the genus total to 18 valid species at the time of writing (Eschmeyer, 2015). Mainly inhabits in small or middle-sized rivers with moderate flow. Otocinclus or dwarf sucking catfish (Macrotocinclus affinis, ex.

Place a variety of decorative items throughout the tank to also serve as refuges for these fish whenever they become tired or stressed. Alison has been interested in fish and aquariums for over five years. Post Mar 01, 2009 #3 2009-03-01T22:50.

Welcome to Fishkeeping World. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. This species is frequently mislabelled in stores, usually as O. affinis or O. vittatus. Rather long courtship period that consists of the fights and getting the spawning spot ready precedes spawning. Otos try to stay out of the way for the most part. AquariaCentral.com, a division of Monster Aquaria Network, LLC. Perched on the substrate are pieces of debris like rocks, wood and anything else being moved with the water. It's super important when you first get them that you drip acclimate them. A group tends to stick together, grazing the same areas. Some hobbyists have difficulty in keeping them and it may stem from the tank not having enough algae present for grazing, improper acclimation, lack of hiding places, high nitrates and low oxygen levels. They are native to South America, mainly the rivers of North Argentina and Venezuela. Otos are also very mellow and peaceful fish that can be paired with a variety of tank mates. Sunken belly: it is imperative that they get a constant source of food. 10 gallons is small, so one Otocinclus seems ideal. Do not forget to seed your algae farm with some waste matter by rinsing the filter in it.
It’s also been suggested that the presence of another breeding species in the tank (Corydoras are usually cited) may also play a part in stimulating spawning activity. Though they’re vegetarians, Otos will stick to algae instead of eating your plants. Fish exhibits rather pronounced sexual dimorphism – female becomes larger and wider after they become reproductive.

In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene.

The algae will run out quickly if you keep a large group of Otos. They’re found in tanks…, The 15 Best Types Of Freshwater Aquarium Catfish, Clown Loach Care: Tank Size, Food, Lifespan, Tank Mates…, Bleeding Heart Tetra 101: The Complete Care Guide, Endler’s Livebearer Care 101 (Poecilia Wingei). Pick some decorations and spread them across the substrate. We had a ton of fun putting this one together. Common Otocinclus (Otocinclus vittatus) This species has one of the most widespread distributions across South America, including the Amazon River. Otos possess a modification of the esophageal wall that may function in aerial respiration and assist in providing additional buoyancy that aids these fish in remaining close to the water surface in their habitats (Schaefer, 1997). Lots of popular aquarium fish come from the rivers of South America so an Otocinclus setup is very similar to other freshwater species.

In case of 30 liters capacity tank (7,93 gallons) 4 catfish will do just fine. I don't mess with anything inside the tank aside from once/twice a week cleaning.

This article will help you understand why these fish are so popular, covering everything from ideal tank setups to breeding, and much more…. The line “Unlike in cories the eggs are scattered randomly around the tank, usually among plants in the upper areas, or on the tank glass.” is a little confusing as surely this is exactly what corys do as I’ve seen them lay eggs on glass/filter/pipes/plants/moss/snails….exact locations often depending on species size. Nowadays otocinclus species numbers about 16 or 17 different kinds, which are sold in pet shops like one species. They may be stressed from transport when you buy them from your pet shop and quarantining them will help settle them down. He's fertilising her eggs. You can use your vegetables to make some homemade fish foods too. If you want oto fry, you'll need to get rid of any fish in the tank that could potentially eat the eggs of course. Some of the smallest Otos measure only 1 inch in length. Disease : Freshwater Fish Disease - Quarantine all new fish before adding them to your aquarium! However, they can be a little reclusive at times and providing places to hide will help make them feel secure. If you are thinking to get some Otos, { Otocinclus catfish}, most particularly for a new tank, I hope I may be able to talk you out of it, for awhile at least. Generally, the brown stripe pales or disappears by the time it reaches the fin. His favorite aquariums are biotopes (Amazon River), Echinodorus and Angelfish. One interesting thing to note is that these fish prefer living in smaller rivers. I have to say I’m loveing these little catfish, such little characters , I set up an old 200l tank and placed Cory, ember terra and some of these otos in it.

Your email address will not be published. It tirelessly eats soft small algae from any surfaces in a tank.

Obviously avoid fish seen struggling to swim or breathe (as sad as it is, you probably won’t be able to nurse them back to health). Again reflecting their name, the Silver Oto features brown color patterns that look more silver. Those in the family Loricariidae are different to a lot of other catfish groups because of the rows of armor plating across their body. This is a very common problem that new owners face, so be a bit picky when making your selection!

Despite the fact that high percentage of otocinclus on the market is represented by O. affinis or other species falsely considered to be O. Affinis, we must say that it is quite seldom encountered in the wild nowadays. In their native South American habitats, these fish often attach themselves to rocks, gravel and other river bottom surfaces that contain algae growth. Learn more.

I've totally fallen in love with them. Here, you can find out everything you need to know about keeping fish and aquarium maintenance. Much of their life is spent at the bottom of the tank and on the surfaces of decorations, plants and aquarium walls. Otocinclus vittatus vs affinis. Newbie. They have a limited ability to breathe air. These fish are herbivores which restricts what you can give them.

The good eggs are transparent with a bit of dark inside, the bad eggs are fluffy white. These guys can make a significant impact on the quality of the water in your freshwater aquariums. However, oto catfish is second to none among any other fishes as for efficient tank cleaning from algae. Tank Mates : Many, given their peaceful nature. As almost all otos are wild caught, they can be quite sensitive to water quality, too. My new favourite game is "find the otos"... they can be tricky to spot. Goldfish aren’t the best starter fish. Diet / Foods : Herbivores, you may need to supplement their diet with algae wafers. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

If it is, then they're not alarmingly pale.

They are great for beginners and won’t take up much of your time.

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