peloponnesian war essay thesis statement

Many were the underlying factors behind this war which lasted up to 404BC. Unfortunately the democratic leaders refused Spartan peace offering and the war continued. Really the years of fighting between the Athens and Sparta can be divided into two periods separated by a truce of six years. Thucydides and the Peloponnesian War. New York: Random House. The period is named after Nicias, the leader of Athenian as he was in charge of negotiating for truce (Bagnall 146). We utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. To learn more about the Peloponnesian War, a little bit of a background on these two leading city-states. I getting from a criminal law applicable field of love. Eventually the two states had clashed enough and declared war. They succeeded in dominating all the Greece except the Sparta and its allies thus making the Athens Empire with which they were able to defeat the Persians and thereafter formed a coalition of Greek city-states. Years passed and the end came in around 405 when the Athenian navy was destroyed at Aegospotami by the Spartan fleet under Lysander, who hadn’t really received much aid from the Persians. Copyright © 2020 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. According to McKay et al. This was led by Brasidas, he was a hero of the Battle of Delium, a Spartan force gained a huge successes in Chalcidice in 424 pushing and encouraging the Athenians subject states to revolt. The first period lasted around 10 years. Since Thucydides is based primarily on the history of the Peloponnesian War, the lack of referencing, The Peloponnesian war (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens against the Peloponnesian led by Sparta. This is where the stage was getting set for Cleons rival Nicials for it to persuade the Athenians to accept the Spartans offer of peace. From that Sparta and its allies accused Athens of aggression and threatened war. This revolt was then headed off by the Athenians who won the control of the chief city Mytilene. oPeloponnesian War Essay Ben Patz Due 2-27-12 Ancient History—Mr. "Peloponnesian war." This is where the second period began of the Peloponnesian War. In other words to end the war which is costing so much. McKay, P. John et al. The Peloponnesian war is still widely studied in the history of Western Civilization. He advocates that the causes of this war should be viewed as a complex string of related factors such as conflict between democracy and oligarchy. "Peloponnesian war." Insisted by the demagogue Cleon the Athenians had a vote to massacre the men of Mytilene and unfortunately enslave everyone else. At the beginning of the war, the Spartan army was estimated at 2000 cavalry and 30,000 hoplites as compared to Athens who had only 1200 cavalry and 13,000 hoplites (Bagnall 182). Class Spartan had invaded Attica in the hope that Athens hoplites would offer resistance of which they would attack fiercely and the plan was to end the war as soon as possible. The war was being continued at sea with the Sparta and Athenians fleets trading costly victories. No state was particularly to blame for the strain on their peace treaty, nor for the war, it came as the two states developed. The period lasted for seven years only that was full of skirmishes (Encyclopedia Britannica (a) par. Historians classify the war into three parts namely the Archidamian war (431-421 BC), the peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (420-413 BC) and the Ionian war (412-404 BC). The colonization of the Sicily would have been a great door for getting immense wealth by the Athenians. Since no amount of provocation would make the Athenians hoplites to fight back, Peloponnesian had to retire and disperse after several weeks. This event was the disaster which was suffered by the Athenian act of war. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you. He attributed the rising Athens imperialism power as the major cause of the war. According to Bagnall (192), the fear could be linked to Corinth, the Spartan leader who feared Athenian imperialism in contrast to fearing the size of the army. However, the Spartans felt threatened by the increasing power and wealth of the Athenians since they (the Athenians) being power hungry had began to reassert their control on the mainland of Greece. 2020 © gradesfixer.com. Henry David Thoreau once stated in Civil Disobedience “I was not born to be forced. This event was the disaster which was suffered by the Athenian act of war. Athens had an alliance with coastal states and most of the island states that boarded the shores of the Aegean Sea to the north and eastern side. The conflict started in early 440 B.C. All rights reserved Gradesfixer ™, “The Peloponnesian War was between Athens and Sparta.”, The Peloponnesian War was between Athens and Sparta [Internet]. Thucydides account shows that Pericles had prepared for the war by assessing the strengths and weaknesses of Athenian army long before the Peloponnesian league (McKay et al. 22). Encyclopedia Britannica (b). The Peloponnesian war is still widely studied in the history of Western Civilization. This name was given because really it was a long series of conflicts between both Athens and Sparta that eventually ended with a surrender of the Athens in 404 BC. According to Thucydides, Sparta army had no reason to fear Athenian rise to power since their army was larger and well equipped. and involved two Greek city-states, namely, Sparta and Athens. Most of these people sort refuge in the city of Athens as a safe retreat. Students looking for free, top-notch essay and term paper samples on various topics. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-peloponnesian-war-was-between-athens-and-sparta/, Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email, *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content. Athens navy was, The Peloponnesian War pitted the Athenians against the Spartans. Sparta on the other hand was leader of an alliance of independent states that included a lot of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece as well as the sea power Corinth. No state was particularly to blame for the strain on their peace treaty, nor for the war, it came as the two states developed. Under the leadership, of general Nicias Athenians succeeded to seize Isle of Melos, countryside of Tanagra and Locris, also tried to attack Westside of Greece to not avail (Bagnall 148). Thucydides survive an attacked on the plague left an impressive amount of its impact on the Athenian confidence. When they finally withdrawn, Athenians took the opportunity to equip a fleet of 100 ships and they raided Peloponnese. Introduction. The very conflict was also evident during the earlier wars in Persia (McKay et al. Imperialism had set a ground for Athens to compete on an equal basis with Sparta for Aegean and western colonies. and involved two Greek city-states, namely, Sparta and Athens. In 1929, the Labour Party, which was the largest party in Great Britain, couldn’t solve the problems and fell from power two years later. Peloponnesian war took place between 431 and 404 B.C. The Peloponnesian War was a series of battles that were fought between 431-401 B.C.E. Thus, they concentrated to keep their fleet save to take them back to Athens. Peloponnesian War Essay Example: Peloponnesian War is the war between two Greece centers with the largest political associations – Athens Empire and Peloponnesian League, under the head of Sparta. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. The Athenian alliance was an empire that included a good portion of the island and coastal states around the northern and eastern shores of the Aegean Sea (82,626 mi’2). The Athenian alliance was an empire that included a good portion of the island and coastal states around the eastern and northern shores of the Aegean Sea (82,626 mi’2). Just before the commencement of the Peloponnesian war, the city of Athens had grown in power and wealth and was the strongest city state in Greece. Years passed and the end came in around 405 when the Athenian navy was destroyed at Aegospotami by the Spartan fleet under Lysander, who hadn’t really received much aid from the Persians. Besides, the Spartans had always enjoyed great power and since Athenians had overshadowed their presence in Peloponnesus, retaliation was the best way to go in order to resume the powerful position. The regained confidence drove them to invade the island of Sphacteria, and they captured 292 Spartan soldiers. We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling. Beginning after their domination of the Persian war, the two states slowly became aware of one another’s growing power. But they changed their minds the next day and killed only the leaders of the revolt. The people of Syracuse were Dorians as the Spartans whereas the Sicilians were Ionians as the Athenians. Thucydides famously claims that the war started “because the Spartans were afraid of further growth of Athenian power, seeing as they did have the greater part of Hellas was under the control of Athens”. But they changed their minds the next day and killed only the leaders of the revolt. Peloponnesian War Essay 867 Words | 4 Pages. We will occasionally send you account related emails. The Athenian army that was sent to Sicily was very large almost exhausted their treasury (McKay et al. Finally, the members of this coalition joined the Peloponnesian league. A Guide to the Peloponnesian War. The main catalyst of the war was intense conflict that had dominated Athens and Sparta. This was the period in which a diplomatic maneuvers gave the way to small-scale military operations as every city tried to win smaller states over to its side. This war was between Athens and Sparta that resulted in the transfer of domination in Greece from Athens to Sparta.

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