plague vs pandemic

Most of us encounter the word bacterium in its Latin-based plural form, bacteria. You may recognize this Latin pestis from above in the name for that plague-causing bacterium, Yersinia pestis. The terms the plague or just plague (without the or a) refer to an infectious disease caused by a bacterium spread from rats to humans by means of flea bites. Follow him on Twitter @HunterDeRensis. For more words related to the coronavirus, see our glossary. Summary of Pandemic Vs. As nouns the difference between epidemic and plague is that epidemic is a widespread disease that affects many individuals in a population while plague is the bubonic plague, the pestilent disease caused by the virulent bacterium ''yersinia pestis . Quarantine, the separation of a person or people who may be infected, is different than medical isolation, which is when the person or people separated are known to be infected and contagious. The World Health Organization declared the coronavirus a pandemic on March 11. When the coronavirus began to develop in the Wuhan province of China in November and December 2019, it was considered an epidemic isolated to China. A pandemic disease; a disease that hits a wide geographical area and affects a large proportion of the population. The National Interest has developed a terminological and etymological guide for readers to make sense of the situation. What does plague mean? The technical name for this specific outbreak is SARS-COV-2, and it is the first time a coronavirus has caused a pandemic. The key to the definition is the size of the population and the area it encompasses. The Plague of Justinian arrived in Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire, in 541 CE. To harass, pester or annoy someone persistently or incessantly. Epidemic Vs. Plague. Thanks to modern medicine, however, the plague is now extremely rare and not a great risk to many people anymore. Now, comparison time. This period was meant to forestall the spread of the plague, which was typically carried by the rats in trade ships. Like a plague, the coronavirus is an epidemic disease—and more, it is considered, now, a pandemic because it has spread worldwide. The plague causes serious, and often fatal, infections. No, the new coronavirus is not the plague. Plague is from the Latin plāga, “stripe, wound,” which became extended to mean “affliction,” including disease. But no, COVID-19 absolutely is not “the plague plague.”. So, what do the coronavirus and the plague have in common? Coronavirus is a broader term that refers to a group of viruses, originating in animals, that cause respiratory tract infections. But, in the 1300s, what some experts see as the first true pandemic arrived with a vengeance: The bubonic plague—nicknamed the “Black Death”—spread like … Redefine your inbox with Dictionary.com updates! Hunter DeRensis is a senior reporter for the National Interest. But when referring to one type of bacteria, scientists use the singular bacterium. Pandemics are large-scale, intercontinental illnesses that are usually caused by respiratory viruses. Take a deep breath with us now.) Bacterium, bubonic? Epidemic vs. Pandemic . A pandemic is an epidemic that has spread to multiple countries, continents, and even worldwide. Plague is a see also of pandemic. © Copyright 2020 Center for the National Interest All Rights Reserved. The reason people colloquially call any outbreak of disease a “plague” is because the most impactful pandemic in history, the Black Death of the fifteenth century, was caused by the plague. Accommodating themselves to life under social distancing guidelines due to the spread of the coronavirus, not a day goes by when someone doesn’t mention the word “pandemic.” But when did this epidemic turn into a pandemic? An epidemic is used as a description when the infected cover a significant local population, or even up to the size of a country. Caused by fleas infected with the bacteria, and carried by rats, the disease is named after the buboes that form on victim’s bodies, growths that form around the neck and groin that represent lymph gland swelling. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply. For health, safety, and medical emergencies or updates on the novel coronavirus pandemic, please visit the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) and WHO (World Health Organization). Septicemic plague is the rarest and deadliest; it is when plague has infected the blood directly, and in the Middle Ages it would almost guarantee death within twenty-four hours. We don’t use the word plague only to refer to the infectious disease specifically caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis. Specifically, pandemics are the spread of a disease, unlike seasonal flus which are not considered pandemics because they develop around the world simultaneously. An epidemic is the rapid spread of a disease among a given population in a short duration of time. Named after St. Cyprian, a bishop of Carthage (a city in Tunisia) … But let’s read on to actually learn about the difference between the coronavirus and the plague to be sure. The other two kinds of plague are pneumonic and septicemic. The reason people colloquially call any outbreak of disease a “plague” is because the most impactful pandemic in history, the Black Death of the fifteenth century, was caused by the plague. What Is The Difference Between “Equality” And “Equity”? Here is a cheat sheet. Further, while antibiotics work on bacteria, they do not work on viruses. Free Pandemic Zoom Backgrounds To Impress Your Coworkers. This plague is what is meant by the Black Death, which was a form of bubonic plague that spread over Europe in the 1300s and killed about a quarter of the population. It is responsible for some of the deadliest epidemics in history, such as the Black Death noted above. It’s not clear, though, exactly what type of disease was meant in the Bible. And we’ll be here, not judging but explaining, helping to bring clarity and understanding to scary, confusing words. The most famous is the bubonic plague, which is the same strain that formed the Black Death. And perhaps, as you’ve followed the news or talked to people about COVID-19, you have even heard the coronavirus called a “plague.”. Is “Exult” The Word You’ll Be Looking For After This Election? Plague of Cyprian: A.D. 250-271. In the case of the plague, the scientific name for the bacterium is Yersinia pestis. Plague-ridden fleas hitched a ride on the black rats that snac… So, can we liken the coronavirus to a plague? When the virus spread to other countries in 2020, however, the epidemic became a pandemic. All of the terms people keep throwing around need to be defined. Also like a plague, the coronavirus is also causing widespread affliction, if we consider all the pain, loss, and distress from the virus. See Wiktionary Terms of Use for details. (Whew. Table comparing Pandemic and Epidemic and Plague. OK, etymology break: pestilence is ultimately from the Latin pestis, “contagious, disease, plague.” Pestis is also the source of the English pest, which originally denoted the bubonic plague. There are three kinds of plague. Well, a word like plague generally connotes a massive scale of death that we’re thankfully not witnessing so far with the coronavirus—and we don’t say this to downplay the cost COVID-19 has wreaked on people’s lives and livelihoods. Plague can also mean “an epidemic disease that causes high mortality” or “pestilence.” More figuratively, plague can mean “any widespread, calamity, or evil,” especially one considered a direct punishment by God. Pneumonic plague is when the bacteria becomes airborne and infects the lungs instead of the lymph glands. What Are Antibodies, And Do They Kill Viruses? When the coronavirus is under control across the world and society begins to recover, you may hear people likening the coronavirus to a metaphorical plague due to its consequences. One of the most noticeable symptoms of this form is the development of buboes (swollen lymph nodes) in the armpits and groin. Pestilence is defined as “a deadly or virulent epidemic disease,” especially the bubonic plague. The two terms are not interchangeable. There are three forms of plague. Enter your email for word fun in your inbox every day.

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