the weather underground strategy

However, a bomb detonated prematurely in the basement, killing three people, injuring two others (who fled), and destroying the house. This problem is not a new one. }); In the middle of a soliloquy on the challenges of student organizing, Mark Rudd, former national secretary for Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)–a radical student organization that in the 1960s boasted a membership of about 100,000–surprised me. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; Though the new SDS pays homage to its predecessor of the 1960s in name, the groups’ similarities end there. The key to action, Rudd argued, is organizing. Dorm-storming, canvassing and teach-ins were staples of the organization’s constant education and recruitment. Instead, the Weather Underground got their asses kicked.30. Today’s youth are “just stuck in their countercultural niches,” Rudd said: “I’m hardcore punk, I’m west-coast hip-hop, I’m nouveau punk, and so on.” Rudd argues that clinging to such identities–what he calls, quoting Freud, the “narcissism of small differences”–keeps youth voices trapped in the entertainment world and invisible in the political realm. In occupied Europe, writes M. R. D. Foot, “whenever there was a prospect that a large partisan force could be set up, people started asking for heavy weapons” instead of the submachine guns they were usually delivered. The official name of the group is Weatherman, but it was called “the Weathermen” and when members withdrew from public view, became the “Weather Underground.” The group, founded in 1968, was a splinter organization from the group Students for a Democratic Society. The key problem with identifying successful strategies is that the context of historical resistance is different from the present. By assuming that society will adopt a sustainable way of life if only individual people can be persuaded, mainstream environmentalists ignore the rewards offered for unsustainability, and too often ignore those who pay the costs for such rewards. By using this website, you consent to our use of cookies. But as Varon observed, “The optimism of American and West German radicals about revolution was based in part on their reading of events, which seemed to portend dramatic change. For Reprints and Permissions, click here. !function(e,t,a,n,g){e[n]=e[n]||[],e[n].push({"gtm.start":(new Date).getTime(),event:"gtm.js"});var m=t.getElementsByTagName(a)[0],r=t.createElement(a);r.async=!0,r.src="",m.parentNode.insertBefore(r,m)}(window.parent,window.parent.document,"script","dataLayer"); ABOLITIONIST STRATEGY. People tend to self-sort into groups of people they have something in common with. Since the group was officially re-launched in January 2006, SDS has expanded to over 100 college campuses and dozens of high schools. Starting from a marginalized position in society, the struggle over slavery eventually inflamed an entire culture and provoked the bloodiest war in American history. These early white Christian abolitionists recognized the horrors of slavery, but adopted an approach of pacifist moral exhortation. All of this brings us to the second common strategic problem of resistance groups. They had virtually no plan beyond their choice of tactics which, in the case of the Weather Underground, became largely symbolic in nature despite their use of explosives. “Anyone logical would’ve realized. Amy Zalman, Ph.D., is a global security expert and the CEO of Prescient, a management consulting firm that helps organizational leaders anticipate and manage critical global changes. Now, there’s something to be said for pushing the limits of “legitimate” resistance. They formed a militant faction, the Weathermen, which eventually renounced SDS and emerged as the radical guerilla organization the Weather Underground. These operational tactics were used by the militant Weather Underground 50 years ago. Here are the points from the Weather Underground on “Revolutionary anti-Imperialism” noted by Turchie: Police brutality was used by the Weather Underground. [The editor] urged African Americans to leave the defense of fugitives to the lawyers … Public protest, even public assembly, [he] warned, would risk the loss of support from respectable allies. “Our idea of organizing,” said Rudd waspishly, “was running down the street waving an NLF [Nationalist Liberation Front] flag.”, “People only get won over through person-to-person engagement, not through spectacle,” Rudd said. When I brought up Thomas Friedman’s “Generation Q” article–which lambasted my generation as a too-quiet political force content to voice our politics through mouse clicks–Rudd immediately latched onto the topic. His federal charges were dropped after he surfaced in 1978–the government had used too many illegal tactics trying to track him down to successfully prosecute him. According to Weatherman John Jacobs, the intent of the Days of Rage was to confront the forces of the state and “shove the war down their dumb, fascist throats and show them, while we were at it, how much better we were than them, both tactically and strategically, as a people.”19 Jacobs told the Black Panthers that 25,000 protesters would be present.20 However, only about 200 showed up, met by more than a 1,000 trained and well-equipped police. Attack and Dethrone God (aka established Religion) His friends were barely able to stop him from trying on more than one occasion, which would have obviously been foolish and dangerous to the resistance because of their planned assassination.28 Of course, Nazi Germany was not just a big misunderstanding, and after the failed putsch, Goerdeler was arrested, tortured for months by the Gestapo, and then executed.

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